Strategic studies is an interdisciplinary academic field centred on the study of the conduct of war, whether as an independent or a dependent variable. It has often devoted special attention to the relationship between politics, geography and natural resources,economics, and military power, such as the role of intelligence, diplomacy and threats in the preparation and use of force. The subject is normally taught at the post-graduate academic or professional, usually military and private security, levels.
The academic foundations of the subject began with classic texts initially from the Orient such as Sun Tzu’s “Art of War” and Kautilya’s “Arthashastra”, went onto a European focus with Von Clausewitz’s “On War” and Machiavelli’s “The Prince”. In recent times, the major conflicts of the nineteenth century and the two World Wars have spurred strategic thinkers such as Mahan, Giulio Douhet, Liddell Hart, and later, Andre Beaufre. The Cold War led to a host of American thinkers contributing to the basic theory.